Education free essay: Grant Writing Guide
In order to increase chances of getting a grant, it is essential to understand the components of a grant proposal. The term ‘grant’ refers to non-refundable money offered by an individual or an organization. In most cases, the targeted individuals or organizations receive numerous grant proposals. However, they do not fund all of the proposals. Usually, they fund grant proposals that appeal to them. In order to appeal to the targeted individuals or groups, it is vital to understand and include the essential components of a grant proposal described in this paper.
The essential Components of a Grant Proposal
A grant proposal should have a project title. The project title should be appealing and should give a hint to the targeted individuals or organization about what the project meant to be supported is (Karsh & Fox, 2014).
A grant proposal should have an abstract. Abstract is s summary of the components of the proposal. The abstract should have brief information about all important information contained in the grant proposal. For instance, the abstract should contain brief information about the aims, short term and long term objectives and budget of the project that is meant to be supported. The abstract should not be too long, and a maximum of two pages is enough (Karsh & Fox, 2014). Also, the abstract should be precise and simple. Personal pronouns should not be used when writing the proposal. In order to include the essential components of a grant proposal in the abstract, it is advisable to write it last. In most cases, the targeted individuals or organizations give priority to grant proposals based on what is written in the abstract (Karsh & Fox, 2014).
Table of Contents
A grant proposal should have a table of contents after the abstract. The table of component contents contains a list of titles and subtitles used in the grant proposal and lists of figures, tables and appendices. The table of content gives convenience to the viewer (Karsh & Fox, 2014).
The introduction plays the role of setting the tone for the grant proposal. The introduction should give the background timeline and goals of a project. In order to appeal to the targeted individual or organization, the introduction should be contain concise and clear narrative describing the project that is meant to be supported (Karsh & Fox, 2014). In the introduction, the author should emphasize why the project will be important and effective. For instance, the author should explain that the project will fulfill a particular need (Karsh & Fox, 2014).
Goals and Objectives
After the introduction, it I vital to describe goals and objectives of the project that is meant t be supported. Goals are the outcomes that the project is expected to achieve at the end. Objectives are the measurable outcomes of the different processes and activities that will be carried out when implementing the project (Hackshaw, 2010). Goals and objectives give emphasis to the importance of the project. The number of goals and objectives written should be limited and should be ranked in order of importance. In addition, it is vital to indicate how the objectives and goals will be measured (Hackshaw, 2010).
A section of literature review can be included in the grant proposal in case there is prior research or written information about the project that is meant to be supported. For instance, a grant proposal or an agricultural project should describe how related projects have performed in the past (Karsh & Fox, 2014).
Project description should contain descriptions of specific activities that will be carried out during the implementation of the project meant to be supported. Also, the procedures for implementation of the different activities of the project should be indicated. For instance, a proposal for an educational project should contain information about the sessions and tests to be undertaken in the project description section (Karsh & Fox, 2014). Information about the timeline of implementation of the different activities of the project should be included in this section. To appeal to the reviewers, the timeline can be presented in the form of a visual figure, such as a table. Also, it is vital to mention about the beneficiaries of the project and what they will receive from the project. The result of each activity that will be undertaken should be included in this section (Karsh & Fox, 2014). Also, it is important to explain how the effectiveness of each activity will be determined.
Methodology and Design
In some cases, the methodology and design section can be included in the grant proposal. However, much of the information that is contained in the methodology and design section is similar to the information contained in the project description section. In case the project description section contains general information about activities and procedures related to a project, specific information should be put in the methodology section (Karsh & Fox, 2014). For instance, this section can contain specific information about the implantation of the project.
Information about the individuals involved in a project should be included in this section. In case of an agricultural project, for instance, the people involved and the roles they will undertake should be described. In case there will be a manager, supervisors and workers, their names and salaries should be described in this section (Karsh & Fox, 2014).
Budget of a proposal is one of the most important elements of a grant proposal. All the costs and expenses of the project should be included in this section. The cost of the materials, equipments and/or tools that will be used during the implementation of the project should be listed. In case payments will be made to the individuals involved, information about the payments should be included. Both direct and indirect costs should be included here.
Current Support and Spending
In case the project to be supported is ongoing, it is vital in include information about the current support or source of funding. Also, information about the current spending should be included in this section (Karsh & Fox, 2014).
This section should contain information about how about how a how the success of a project will be evaluated. Evaluation of the project can be carried out in phases during the implementation process or after the completion of the project. Evaluation should be keyed to the project set objectives and goals. All that information should be included in the evaluation section (Karsh & Fox, 2014).
Dissemination entails the mode in which information about a project will be distributed to the community in case of a need. In case dissemination will be made, the information should be included in this section (Karsh & Fox, 2014).
Supplementary Information and Documents
The author of a grant proposal can include a section referring the reviewer to supplementary information and documents in case of a need.
Overall, a grant proposal should have the main sections described in this paper. Failing to include some of the sections is likely to reduce chances of being given priority by the targeted sponsor. Information contained in any section of the grant proposal should be thoughtfully crafted and should be genuine.
Karsh, E., & Fox, A. S. (2014). The Only Grant-Writing Book YouÕll Ever Need. New York,
NY: Basic Books.
Hackshaw, A. (2010). John Wiley & SonsHow to Write a Grant Application. London, England:
John Wiley & Sons
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