Argumentative essay: The big five traits
The big five traits
The Big Five personality traits model is useful in determining or describing the personality traits of all people. The five traits described in the model are openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, Neuroticism and Agreeableness (Gosling, Rentfrow & Swann, 2003). I applied the model in determining the personality traits of my father who works in a local police department. I used three different types of personality data, namely Self Report Data, Observer-Report Data and Life Outcome Data. However, I did not use Test Data, which is also a source of personality data. The results derived from the analysis indicated that my father ranks high in extraversion, conscientiousness and neuroticism. Ultimately, the data was used in comparing my father’s personality traits with the traits of Frank Stanfield Alaska, who is also a law enforcement officer.
The Big Five Model is described well by Gosling et al. (2003) and John, Robins and Pervin (2010). As described in the model, extraverts are people that derive energy from interacting with other people. Such individuals like staying in the company of others, are action-oriented and talkative. They portray traits such as positive emotions, sociability and self-discipline. Conversely, introverts derive energy from themselves (Gosling et al., 2003). Usually, introverts do not require stimulation from others and they do not spend much time interacting with others. Such people are usually quiet and deliberate. Openness is used to describe people that are open to new experiences and who like to learn new things. Such people have a wide variety of interests and are imaginative and insightful (Gosling et al., 2003). Openness is associated with traits such as willingness to try new things, curiosity and appreciation for new adventures. People that lack that trait lack the self-drive for exploring new adventures and ideas.
Agreeableness describes people that are compassionate, cooperative and friendly. Also, such people are usually sympathetic, generous, trustworthy, affectionate and kind. In most cases, agreeable individuals place the interests of others above their interests. Conversely, disagreeable individuals concentrate on their interests and ignore the interests of others. The term “conscientiousness” describes people that are prompt and reliable. Such people are thorough, self-disciplined, methodic and organized. People that lack that trait portray spontaneous behavior. Neuroticism refers to an individual’s level of emotional stability. A high score on neuroticism implies that an individual has emotional instability of he/she portrays negative emotions. Such people are usually moody and tense (John et al., 2010).
When assessing my father’s traits, I used a scale with scores ranging from 1 to 7. The four sources of personality data helped in determining his traits. Self-Report Data is derived through conducting a survey or an interview on the targeted individual. In some cases, however, people do not give accurate information about their traits. They may feel uncomfortable giving true information about their traits or they may be unable to understand the traits. Thus, it is essential to include other types of data. Observer-report Data is the data derived through observation of an individual’s character by another person or by many people. Life Outcome Data is derived from the information that is open for public scrutiny about a person, such as the activities and events her/she engages in. Also, such information is derived from an individual’s history. Test data is gathered through giving the targeted person a standardized test to fill answers.
Out of the four sources of personality data, I did not use Test Data when gathering information about my father’s personality traits. From the assessment, my father portrayed many traits of an extrovert and thus, the score on that trait. He ranked 7 on the trait of conscientiousness. Also, the sore for neuroticism was 7. The score for openness was fairly high. However, the score for agreeableness was low. For instance, the score for being sympathetic was 3. When gathering information about the personality traits of Frank Stanfield Alaska, I used Life Outcome Data and Observer-Report Data. Mush of the data used was derived from Life Outcome Data. The Life Data was derived from cases that officer Stanfield has been involved when undertaking his job. I found that Officer Stanfield has some similar personality traits with the traits of my father. For instance, officer Stanfield scored high in neuroticism and conscientiousness, just like my father. However, his score on the trait of conscientiousness was 6 while that of my father was 7. Prior to the assessment, I thought that officer Stanfield resembled my father in regard to trait of agreeableness. However, officer Stanfield’s score was 6 while that of my father was 3. Regarding the data about extraversion, officer Stanfield had a lower score than that of my father. Officer Stanfield’s score on that trait was 5.
Overall, the assessment of my father and officer Stanfield helped to determine their personality traits. However, it is essential to acknowledge that the results could have been improved by adding Test Data. The results indicated that there are some similarities and differences in the personality traits of my father and officer Stanfield.
Gosling, S., Rentfrow, P., & Swann Jr., W. (2003). A Very Brief Measure Of The Big-
Five Personality Domains. Journal of Research in Personality,37 (6), 504-528. doi: 10.1016/S0092-6566(03)00046-1
John, O. P., Robins, R. W., & Pervin, L. A. (2010). Handbook of Personality: Theory and
Research. New York, NY:Guilford Press.
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